Journal of Current Research on Social Sciences (JoCReSS) - ISSN: 2547-9644

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Abstract


Influence of the meteorological conditions on forest fires in winter and spring in Eastern Black Sea Region: Case study on Çamburnu (Sürmene) forest fire

In this study, relationship between the weather conditions and forest fires in the winter and the spring months in the Eastern Black Sea region were investigated at Çamburnu forest fire example which occured on January 7, 2017. The main aim of the work is to determine which of the weather types, formed by meteorological variables, control forest fires during the winter and spring seasons. The probabilities that are likely to be effective in preparing the fire conditions were evaluated by examining the hourly meteorological data about five weeks prior to the forest fire selected as the case study. In addition the weather conditions increasing the vulnerability of the elements constituting the forest and the litter layer to fire were also determined. It was observed that the necessary conditions for the fire were formed in the periods when simultaneously no rainfall, low relative humidity, high temperature in relation to the seasonal conditions, the wind exposed from the south sector and the high wind speed. These conditions were observed during the periods when the foehn winds were effective. As a matter of fact, it was determined that the air circulation which made foehn in the days before Çamburnu forest fire was seen and all the features of the foehn were experienced during the previous week. The fire risk increased on the days of foehn, also verified by the FWI outputs.



Keywords
Forest fire, Foehn winds, Eastern Black Sea, Çamburnu, FWI



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